Burch HouseBurch House

The Burch House is one of the earliest examples of an original two-room plan in Charles County and is one of four surviving 18th-century buildings in the former county seat (see right).

Originally constructed in the late 18th century, Burch House began as a one-story structure with a hall and parlor floor plan and an exterior chimney at each gable end. Early in the 19th century, the front slope of the Older Burch House roof was raised for the full second floor rooms. At a later date, the rear slope was extended to provide for two rear additions (see left). Washington Burch, a later resident from whom the house takes its name, served as the county jailer throughout the 1880s and 90s. In the late 20th century, the home became known as Catslide House for its steeply sloped roof.

Recent archaeological investigations around the Burch House have begun to reveal a more complex history. Evidence mounts for the existence of an earthfast dwelling--a house built on wooden posts--that colonists built and occupied in the early 1700s, years before the Burch House existed, and it remained standing at the time the surviving house was built. The rear addion to the Burch House replaced the original building late in the 18th century.